How to Start CTET Preparation?

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How to Start CTET Preparation?Suggestion for Bengali Students 

      This article is for some of my Bengali friends and aspirants interested in clearing CTET & TET Examinations.   Many of my Bengali friends usually ask me,   How to start CTET preparation?  

They ask this question because they belong to Bengali medium schools. Some of them are very much afraid of English Language. CTET is conducted in both English and Hindi Languages. This is their problems about appearing in the Examination.

      Today, I’ll clear one thing for my Bengali friends that languages aren’t always a barrier between you and your hope. The problem is in the roots of your thoughts. You have convinced yourselves that you can’t do it as the languages of the papers CTET is conducted, both are not in your command. This is a very pity of you. You have surrendered to the barrier of languages. But believe me, it’s not a barrier at all.

      You have studied in Bengali Medium and that didn’t certify that you don’t know English.    Each of the Books you studied in your Bachelor of Education degree, I am 100% sure you are acquainted with each and every English terms like Motivation. I can tell you now Motivation is more common word to you than the Bengali meaning of the word, I am really very much regretful about this that I didn’t know the exact Bengali meaning of the word.

     But my friends, you know the both of them. It is an opportunity for you that you have captured both the languages. 

  Now I want to tell you that you can do it. You have qualities and you deserve better than anything you thought Good for you. 

    This exam is do able. You can clear CTET along with a very simple exercise of English language and terms associated with B.Ed. study. You have  studied everything, now you should recognize your potential to know that in simple English.      Some of the important books you have to read to develop your skills in English Language, so that you can learn exactly what you have learned before in Bengali. Just do some practice, even will appear simple and lucid.

BOOKS YOU NEED TO STUDY :    

I have given links in the end of the article. You just buy these books and have a holistic approach to study.  NCERT Books for Class VI to VIII are very much recommended. But if you read the same of WBBSE Books (Bengali) for Class VI to VIII are more than enough.     

      My Friends,  

You have 30 marks in Bengali Language, and you can perform the best than anyone else. ( First Language)    

English – 30 Marks ( Second Language)   Only you need to study English Language and Grammar, believe me questions are very simple even school students can answer without any effort. 

Child Development and Pedagogy:  From your B.Ed course , there is 30 Marks which is very easy to earn.

Rest 60 Marks :

A. Science and Mathematics Or,

B. Social Sciences

DETAILED SYLLABUS 

Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage

I. Child Development and Pedagogy: 30 Questions

a) Child Development (Elementary School Child) 15 Questions

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning

  • Principles of the development of children

  • Influence of Heredity & Environment

• Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)

• Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives

  • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education

  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence

  • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence

• Language & Thought

  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice  

• Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.

  • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice

  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.  

b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs  5 Questions

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived  

• Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc.

  • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c) Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions

• How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance.

  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.  

• Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’  

• Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.

• Cognition & Emotions  

• Motivation and learning

  • Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental

  II. Language I : 30 Questions    

a) Language Comprehension 15 Questions  

Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions  

• Learning and acquisition   • Principles of language Teaching   • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use   • it as a tool   • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;   • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders   • Language Skills   • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing   • Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom   • Remedial Teaching  

III. Language-II 30 Questions  

a) Comprehension 15 Questions  

Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability  

b) Pedagogy of Language Development 15 Questions  

• Learning and acquisition  

• Principles of language Teaching  

• Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool  

• Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;  

• Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders  

• Language Skills  

• Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing  

• Teaching – learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom  

• Remedial Teaching    

IV. Mathematics and Science

(i) Mathematics 30 Questions    

  a) Content 20 Questions  

Number System   • Knowing our Numbers • Playing with Numbers • Whole Numbers • Negative Numbers and Integers • Fractions   Algebra   • Introduction to Algebra • Ratio and Proportion   Geometry   • Basic geometrical ideas (2-D) • Understanding Elementary Shapes (2-D and 3-D) • Symmetry: (reflection) • Construction (using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses) • Mensuration • Data handling

b) Pedagogical issues 10 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum • Language of Mathematics • Community Mathematics • Evaluation • Remedial Teaching • Problem of Teaching  

ii) Science 30 Questions      

a) Content 20 Questions

•  Food   • Sources of food • Components of food • Cleaning food   Materials   • Materials of daily use   The World of the Living   Moving Things People and Ideas   How things work   • Electric current and circuits • Magnets   Natural Phenomena   Natural Resources  

b) Pedagogical issues 10 Questions    

• Nature & Structure of Sciences   • Natural Science/Aims & objectives   • Understanding & Appreciating Science   • Approaches/Integrated Approach • Observation/Experiment/Discovery (Method of Science)   • Innovation   • Text Material/Aids   •Evaluation-cognitive/psychomotor/affective   • Problems   • Remedial Teaching          

V. Social Studies/Social Sciences 60 Questions

a) Content 40 Questions

History

 • When, Where and How • The Earliest Societies • The First Farmers and Herders • The First Cities • Early States • New Ideas • The First Empire • Contacts with Distant lands • Political Developments • Culture and Science • New Kings and Kingdoms • Sultans of Delhi • Architecture • Creation of an Empire • Social Change • Regional Cultures • The Establishment of Company Power • Rural Life and Society • Colonialism and Tribal Societies • The Revolt of 1857-58 • Women and reform • Challenging the Caste System • The Nationalist Movement • India After Independence    

Geography

• Geography as a social study and as a science • Planet: Earth in the solar system • Globe • Environment in its totality: natural and human environment • Air • Water • Human Environment: settlement, transport and communication • Resources: Types-Natural and Human • Agriculture    

Social and Political Life    

• Diversity • Government • Local Government • Making a Living • Democracy • State Government • Understanding Media • Unpacking Gender • The Constitution • Parliamentary Government • The Judiciary • Social Justice and the Marginalised  

 b) Pedagogical issues 20 Questions

      • Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies • Class Room Processes, activities and discourse • Developing Critical thinking • Enquiry/Empirical Evidence • Problems of teaching Social Science/Social Studies • Sources – Primary & Secondary • Projects Work • Evaluation      

Note: For Detailed syllabus of classes l-VIII, please refer to NCERT syllabus and textbooks.

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